A Patent is an important document that the Government Office issues to grant protection for an invention or a design. Patents are a form of intellectual property.
An invention is any innovation which creates a new or improves a known product or process.
A design is any form or composition of lines or colors which gives a special appearance to a product and can serve as a pattern for a product of industry or handicraft.
You may register Patent for Invention, Design Patent, and Petty Patent.
Patent for Invention is the protection of feature, improvement, and components of product or process.
Design Patent is for creativity protection concerning features pertaining to the shape, color, configuration or pattern of an item.
Petty Patent is for new product or process, improvement with moderate technological development or low level of innovation with some more utilization.
Thailand does not officially require Patent registration. However, there are certainly many benefits that you can consider.
First of all, registering Patent provides greater legal protection against infringement because it protects the inventions and designs. Registered Patents therefore solely grants the patent owner the rights to produce as well as to distribute such product for a limited time.
When you register a patent, it deters others from using the same production idea because the registered patent will appear in the patent search system. Hence, this will likely discourage others from proceeding to register similar Patent.
Once registered, it then provides the patent owner with greater remedies. As a result, it increases the likelihood of the successful filing of a dispute resolution case from an infringer.
Patent applications are eligible for registration if they satisfy the following conditions;
The patent must not consist any of the following characteristics mentioned in Section 9 of the Thailand Patent Act B.E. 2522 because they are not protected under this Act:
1. naturally occurring microorganisms and their components, animals, plants or extracts from animals or plants; or
2. scientific or mathematical rules or theories; or
3. computer programs; or
4. methods of diagnosis, treatment or cure of human and animal diseases; and
5. inventions contrary to public order, morality, health or welfare.
It is especially relevant that the applicant or his agent have an office or address in Thailand. This is for the purpose of communication by the Registrar.
You cannot register Design Patent for a design having or consisting of any of the following characteristics:
1. has existed or has been widely used in the Kingdom before the date of filing a patent application;
2. whose image, a substantial part or detailed description has previously been disclosed in a document or printed publication, whether inside or outside the Kingdom, before the date of filing a patent application;
3. has previously been published under section 65 in conjunction with section 28 before the date of filing a patent application;
4. similar to any design mentioned in subsections (1), (2) or (3) seing as an imitation;
5. contrary to public order or good morals; or
6. prescribed by the Ministerial Regulations.
The registered patent solely entitles the patent owner the right to produce, as well as to distribute such product for a limited time.