During this stage, the police will conduct the initial investigation, interview witnesses, collect evidences, and issue a police report. The alleged offender has the following rights in a criminal matter:
- The alleged offender is innocent until proven guilty beyond a responsible doubt.
- To have a lawyer represent them in a criminal matter without going through the investigating and prosecuting stage. A judge will consider the case from the evidences and witness’ statements. If the judge decides that there is a sufficient factual basis, he will stamp a seal accepting the case for prosecution. The suspect will then defend himself in court (from this point, he is referred to as the defendant). If the judge decides that there is an insufficient factual basis, he will dismiss the case.
- To meet and consult with his lawyer in private. The accused may make a written or oral request to a policeman to meet his lawyer at a police station. The suspect will have to name the lawyer with whom he wants to meet. An alleged offender who cannot afford a lawyer will have a lawyer provided to him at no cost.
- The police or court has to provide an interpreter for foreigners, to translate or explain the legal procedures.
- To have a lawyer present with them throughout the investigation stage.
- To bail. The offender can post bail himself or by a relative, his lawyer or a bailsman. The person requesting bail must submit a written request to the investigating officer, who will then ask for particular additional documents. The announcement of the bail review result is within 24 hours.